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They finished runners-up in the league in their first top division season and were FA Cup runners-up in their second, and survived in the First Division until Taylor later managed the England team, while Barnes went on to help Liverpool win five major trophies and was a regular member of the England side for the second half of the s and into the s.
They survived for three seasons in the First Division and won the League Cup in their first season among the elite. They quickly established themselves in the First Division, finishing sixth in their first season at this level, and even more impressively won the FA Cup a year later, beating league champions Liverpool 1—0 in the Wembley final.
Tipped by many to go straight back down, they actually topped the First Division briefly in its early stages before finishing 10th — the lowest position they occupied all season.
They briefly went top of the league again during the second month of the following season, but finished the season relegated after just two seasons in the First Division.
Eventually, promotion and relegation between the Conference and the Football League was increased to two clubs in — In the s, play-offs were introduced throughout the Football League for promotion each season, with one club each season being promoted via the end of season play-offs in addition to those clubs promoted automatically.
Liverpool remained the most successful club side in England during the s, winning the league title six times and the FA Cup twice including the double in Everton also enjoyed a resurgence in the s.
Despite the sale of Lineker to Barcelona in the summer of , Everton retained their league title the following season. Manchester United endured a difficult time in the s following the retirement of Matt Busby as manager.
They suffered relegation to the Second Division in , but achieved instant promotion and went on to win the FA Cup in The s brought more success for the club, who won the FA Cup in and again in under the management of Ron Atkinson.
Atkinson was succeeded by Alex Ferguson as manager in November , but by the end of the decade United had gone more than 20 years without winning the league title, although they had finished in the top four on no less than seven times during the decade.
Tottenham Hotspur also enjoyed success during the s and s. They achieved instant promotion under recently appointed manager Keith Burkinshaw , who then guided Spurs to back-to-back FA Cups and then another UEFA Cup triumph before stepping down as manager in Their North London rivals Arsenal won the League Cup in and ended their year wait for the league title in , when they beat Liverpool at Anfield in the final minute of the last game of the season to clinch the championship trophy on goal difference.
After spending an unsuccessful season in Italy with Juventus , Ian Rush headed back to Liverpool for a second spell with the club he had scored more than goals from during his first spell there.
The England team made considerable progress during the s after the barren performances of the previous decade, qualifying for every major tournament between and , with the exception of the European Championships , although their best run in any of these competitions was a quarter-final appearance at the World Cup.
The post-Hillsborough Taylor Report forced the conversion of major to all-seater , which was a requirement at all clubs in the top divisions by the —95 season.
At the same time, the money from television coverage was increasing rapidly, due to England reaching the semi-finals of the World Cup and a concerted effort to drive out hooliganism reinvigorated the national game.
The ban on English clubs in European competitions was lifted in July , although Liverpool still had to serve an additional year and it would be a further five years before all of the English places in European competitions were restored.
Enjoying a run of success under Alex Ferguson, they clinched the League Cup in the —92 season, although a shortage of goals in the second half of that season did cost them the league title, which was instead won by a resurgent Leeds United.
Liverpool also enjoyed a good start to the s, winning their 18th league title in , but were then stunned by the resignation of Kenny Dalglish as manager in February His successor Graeme Souness , who had enjoyed great success with the club as a player a decade earlier, guided the Reds to FA Cup glory in Arsenal, the champions of the English First Division, won another league title in , losing just once all season.
The FA Cup also headed to North London that year, although it was won by Tottenham Hotspur, who lifted the trophy for a record eighth time.
In the —92 season , following two years of widespread speculation about the leading clubs of English football forming a breakaway league from the Football League, the 22 clubs competing in the First Division resigned en masse from the Football League, forming a new top-level competition, The FA Premier League , overseen by the FA, largely to capitalise upon their status as the biggest and most wealthy clubs in the country, and negotiate more profitable television rights.
The new league came into force for the —93 season. Its first champions were Manchester United, who ended their year wait for a top division title, while Aston Villa came second and Norwich City third.
Thus, the First Division, while still the top level of the Football League, became the second level of the entire English football league system with the top clubs inheriting the promotion play-off system from the old Second Division.
The Premier League was reduced to 20 teams after the season. The Premier League has been won by 6 clubs in its 24 seasons, with Manchester United winning on 13 occasions.
They have set many precedents in the process, becoming the first team to win a second double of the league title and FA Cup in their first double being won in , and in they won a unique treble of the league title, FA Cup and European Cup.
The final , for the first time, was played between two English teams, Manchester United and Chelsea. Manchester United won the final in Moscow on penalties after a 1—1 draw.
The early Premier League years saw the transfer record fee in English football broken many times in a relatively short period of time, and rise at a rate barely comparable with even that of the late s.
In , the record fee was broken three times in the space of six months. This fee, however, remained unsurpassed for more than four years. Premier League clubs have been increasingly successful at attracting foreign players, particularly since the removal of the limit on fielding players from common market countries in the mid s.
Despite the dominance of Manchester United for most of the Premier League era, a number of other clubs have enjoyed considerable success since However, Blackburn failed to remain competitive with the best English clubs, their only subsequent major trophy being the League Cup in , and they have never finished higher than sixth in the Premier League since their title triumph.
They endured a two-year exile from the Premier League after being relegated in , and since their second relegation in they have still yet to gain promotion.
On the first two occasions, they completed the double of the league title and FA Cup, while on the third occasion they won the title without losing a single league game all season.
Chelsea made history in when they won the FA Cup under Dutch manager Ruud Gullit , the first foreign manager to win a major trophy in English football.
Mourinho was in charge for more than three years until his sudden departure from the club in September , before returning for a second spell as manager six years later which lasted two years before getting sacked in December In the interim, Chelsea were managed by seven different managers over the course of six seasons, but continued to win trophies on a regular basis.
Manchester City , bankrolled since August by wealthy Arab owners, ended their year wait for a major trophy by winning the FA Cup in , and then won their first league title in 44 years the following season, both under the management of Italian coach Roberto Mancini.
His Chilean successor Manuel Pellegrini became the first non-European manager to win a major trophy in English football when he guided City to the Premier League title and the League Cup in After narrowly avoiding relegation the previous season, outsiders Leicester City won an unprecedented league title in , having never previously won the top flight title.
Leeds United, the last champions of English football before the creation of the Premier League, played in the first 12 seasons of the Premier League, peaking at third place in , before being relegated in in the midst of a serious financial crisis which was the direct result of heavy spending on players in the previous few seasons and a failure to net the extra revenue that successful challenges for domestic and European silverware would have brought them.
A spectacular decline in similar circumstances also befell Portsmouth , who reached the Premier League in and stayed there for seven seasons, lifting the FA Cup in The South Coast club were relegated from the Premier League at the end of the —10 season, having become the first club at this level to enter administration , and were deducted nine points at a result.
After several smaller clubs adopted this approach rather than update their ageing homes in the late s and early s, newly promoted Middlesbrough became the first top flight club to relocate to a new stadium when they moved into the Riverside Stadium for the —96 season, ending a year residence of Ayresome Park.
A number of clubs who initially chose to convert their existing homes into all-seater stadiums went on to relocate to new stadiums to gain a larger capacity from the turn of the 21st century, particularly those who had progressed throughout the league and attracted a higher demand for tickets since the early s.
Their new stadium, the Emirates Stadium , was completed in time for the —07 season, holding more than 60, spectators. Wembley Stadium had been converted to an all-seater format by , but its capacity was reduced to 78, from its previous capacity of , By the mid s, plans were afoot for refurbishment or complete reconstruction of the stadium.
The eventual plan was for the old stadium to be demolished and a completely new 90,seat stadium to be built in its place. The old stadium finally closed in October and it was anticipated that the new stadium would be completed in , but a series of delays meant that demolition of the old stadium did not take place for two years after the last game was played, and the new Wembley was not opened until March Since its founding, however, many other leagues have been founded in England.
Sunday leagues are played each weekend by clubs, the study made by the FA sees to this. Over the years there has been an increasing effort to link all these leagues together in a Pyramidal structure allowing promotion and relegation between different levels.
The primary motivation for this drive is to maintain the possibility that any club in England may dream of one day rising to the very top, no matter what status they currently hold.
In a study made by FIFA in there are around 40, clubs registered with the FA, which is 11, more than any other country, the closest being the Brazilian Football Confederation who have 29, registered clubs.
Even without taking relative population into account, England has more football clubs than any other country in the world. Links with The Football League were maintained, and each season the bottom three clubs are relegated from the Premier League and replaced by the top three from the Championship.
The Premier League is contested between 20 clubs each season. Each club in the Premier League in any given season owns one twentieth of a share in the league itself, meaning that they are all supposedly equal owners with equal rights and responsibilities.
Bobby Zamora English footballer and Obafemi Martins Nigerian footballer are the only two players who have scored penalties with both their feet in the Premier League .
Despite the organisational split, promotion and relegation of clubs still takes place between the Premier League and the EFL.
This term can be confusing, as it refers to those clubs outside the EFL, although they still play in organised league competitions.
In recent years, the top few levels have been consolidated into the National League System , operated by the FA. Most clubs in the top flight of the NLS, the National League division , are fully professional; the remainder are semi-professional.
There is promotion and relegation between League Two and the National League, and for several levels below that, although this becomes more irregular further down the league system.
The non-League system is often known as the "pyramid", because the number of leagues at each level begins to increase the further down through the levels, with each league covering a smaller geographic area.
Although the FA abandoned a formal definition of "amateur" in the early s, the vast majority of clubs still effectively play as amateurs, with no financial reward and the leagues are not part of the National League System.
The various County Football Associations , which are based roughly on the historic county boundaries , are the local governing bodies of football in England.
They govern all aspects of Sunday league football. Not all County Football Associations are run on county basis. Each armed service has one, for instance such as the Army Football Association which administers football within the British Army.
Sunday league football in England tends to be lower level amateur football, which is also sometimes referred to as Pub League due to the number of public houses who field teams in Sunday leagues.
Each local County Football Association governs all aspects of Sunday league football. Smaller-sided versions of the game such as Five-a-side football are popular.
Futsal is also a growing sport in England. These are often played informally, but there are many competitive small-sided leagues running across the country.
The top division for reserve teams of professional clubs is the Premier Reserve League , which was founded in and is split into Premier Reserve League North and Premier Reserve League South, both with ten participating teams.
The Central League was formed in and currently has 28 teams, split into three divisions — Central, North and South. The winners of each division and the best runner-up compete in the end-of-season play-offs to decide the league champions.
Whilst the Central League is for Football League reserve teams, The West Division contains a Manchester City side which uses a mix of reserve team and youth team squad players and in —08 they were Central League champions.
The Football Combination was formed in and currently has 30 teams. Whilst the majority of teams are Football League reserve teams, the Combination also currently has the reserve teams of three Conference clubs — Forest Green Rovers , Lewes ,and Salisbury City.
The Football Combination also organises the Combination Challenge Cup, although not all clubs enter the cup.
There is no promotion and relegation between the reserve team leagues. When a first team is relegated from the Premier League, their reserve team withdraws from the Premier Reserve League to either of the other two leagues and is replaced by the reserve team of the club promoted from the Championship.
Below the professional club reserve leagues, many clubs also operate reserve teams, which play in separate Reserve leagues, such as the Lancashire League.
Some lower leagues, such as the North West Counties Football League organise their own reserve leagues. And, at some lower levels of the pyramid, reserve teams play against first teams.
Many club sides have youth teams. The top level of youth football is the Premier Academy League , founded in , which is for all Premier League and Football League clubs that have Academy sides.
The league, which currently has 40 clubs, is divided into four groups each with ten teams. The winners of each group contest the end-of-season play-offs to decide the league champions.
The second tier youth league is the Football League Youth Alliance , also founded in , in which those Football League clubs that have Centres of Excellence status field their youth teams.
The league, which currently has 58 clubs, is divided into four regional conference leagues. Over clubs enter the FA Youth Cup each season.
There are several cup competitions for clubs at different levels of the football pyramid. The England national football team represents England in international football.
It is one of the two oldest national football teams in the world, the other one being Scotland. England is one of only eight national teams to have won the World Cup and did this in They are one of the more prominent teams on the global stage, rarely dropping outside of the top ten rankings of both FIFA and Elo.
They were the most successful of the Home Nations in the British Home Championship with 54 wins including 20 shared wins before the competition was suspended in There are also a number of other national teams from the Under team to the Under team , the latter of which is considered to be a feeder team for the national team.
In addition there is an England B team which occasionally plays games as support for the national team. They compete annually in the Four Nations Tournament as well as in friendly matches throughout the year.
Fulham LFC were for a number of years the top club in England and were the first club in Europe to turn professional in before reverting to semi-professional in Before the launch of the WSL, Everton won the league title once and were runners-up twice.
Wembley Stadium is the national stadium in England. It is also the largest stadium in the country with a capacity of 90, All Premier League clubs play in all-seater stadiums.
Most professional clubs have either moved to new purpose-built stadiums or redeveloped their stadium. Even at non-league level there have been big improvements with the likes of New Bucks Head the home of Telford United with a capacity of 6,, being one of the best in non-league and Princes Park with a capacity of 4,, the home of Dartford , one of the most ecologically sound ever built.
The 92 Club is a society, to be a member of which, a person must attend a football match at the stadium of every current Premier League and Football League club in England and Wales.
The following articles detail the major results and events in each season since —72, when the first organised competition, the FA Cup, was created.
Seasons in italics are wartime seasons, when official national competition was suspended, although regional football continued. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Football saved my life Jade Moore: An England star with two holes in the heart. For All Football is for everyone. Location Please enter a location.
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